Handling deep link with NSURLProtocol

NSURLProtocol is commonly used on request logging.

Unlike the normal pattern, this article is about intercepting URI Scheme-based deep linking URL request and provide corresponding URL response.

Problem?

I implemented deep links for my app, I can handle this by UIApplicationDelegate's application:openURL:options: method. it's fine.

I implemented Core Spotlight, I can handle user result by UIApplicationDelegate's application:continueUserActivity:restorationHandler: method. well fine then.

I implemented Push Notification, the notification's custom navigating indication is something like article/{article_id}, settings/{check_for_update}, have to retrieve data from Push Notification's payload and design a very specific business logic just to handle this. hmm (a lot of work to do)

My app introduced some web based view, inside the web view there are some links should navigate to app's other UIViewController instead of staying current web view, the phrase could be subscribe/{user_id}, article/{article_id}. Nooo, scattered and tangled code!

URL Loading System

URL Loading System is everything we'll need to know in this topic.

The URL loading system is a set of classes and protocols that allow your app to access content referenced by a URL. At the heart of this technology is the NSURL class, which lets your app manipulate URLs and the resources they refer to.

The URL loading system provides support for accessing resources using the following protocols already:

  • ftp://
  • http://
  • https://
  • file://
  • data://

We now wanted a custom protocol, let's say imnotyourson://.

NSURLProtocol

Yes, the key point is

 NSData *data = [NSKeyedArchiver archivedDataWithRootObject:item];
    NSURLResponse *response = [[NSURLResponse alloc] initWithURL:self.request.URL MIMEType:@"text/plain" expectedContentLength:data.length textEncodingName:nil];

The GenericItem implements NSCoding protocol to do the tricks.

Results

Elegant!

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